Phlebotomy Training Course
- Course Description
The Phlebotomy Training Course provides the background required to properly understand the techniques involved in phlebotomy. It includes basic knowledge in human anatomy, the functions of the clinical laboratory, principles of infection control, personnel protection and relevant techniques in properly performing phlebotomy. Participants are also expected to learn the different medical and legal aspects involved in phlebotomy. This will enable them to perform the procedure safely and efficiently.
- Course Objectives
At the end of the Phlebotomy Training Course, the participants will acquire knowledge and understanding of the following:
• Define phlebotomy and know the duties and the job skills it requires.
• Describe the clinical laboratory, its sub-sections and the type of specimens required by these sections.
• Identify procedure hazards and employ measures to avoid injuries and accidents.
• Explain the chain of infection and apply its principles to prevent infection transfer to other patients and personnel.
• Describe the human anatomy, specifically the integumentary, blood and cardiovascular system.
• Perform the steps of the phlebotomy procedure.
• Identify the post-procedure complications and employ techniques to manage them.
• Describe the procedures involved when collecting special specimens.
• Discuss the principles of proper specimen transport.
• Explain the legal liabilities associated with phlebotomy.
- Course Structure
Phlebotomy Training Course (Revised Curriculum)
1. Duration: 5 weeks on a part time basis
2. Total hours: 33 hours over 11 days
3. Course delivery: Monday, Wednesday, Thursday/Friday from 7.00 pm to 10.00 pm
4. Mode of delivery: Mix of theory and skills practice
- Who Should Attend
• Healthcare providers who want to acquire skills in phlebotomy.
• Non-healthcare providers will be considered on a case by case basis.
Course Participants must meet the following requirement:
o Hepatitis B and HIV positive applicants will not be accepted for the Phlebotomy Training Course. Participants must produce a local doctor’s certificate or lab report which indicates that he or she is negative for Hepatitis B and HIV infection.
- Course Outline
Phlebotomy Training Course
Introduction to Phlebotomy
Introduction to the clinical laboratory
• Blood bank and Immunology
• Procedure hazards
• Physical hazards
• Sharps hazards
• Radioactive hazards
• MRI hazards
Anatomy and Physiology
• Cells, Muscles, Bones
• Circulatory system: Heart, Artery, Vein
• Blood: Plasma, Formed elements, RBC, WBC, Platelets
• Chain of infection
• Hand hygiene
• Sharps precaution
• Standard precautions / Transmission-based precautions
Specimen Transport, Handling and processing
• Special collections and procedures
• Fasting specimens and basal states
Evacuated collection tubes
• Types of blood specimens
• Tube additives
• Color coded taps
• Order of draw
• Organizing and transporting equipment
• Location veins – tourniquet application
• Cleaning puncture site
• Protecting puncture site
• Needles – needle adapters
• Locating and identifying the patient
• Barriers in communication
• Problems in site collection
• Problems associated in cleaning the site
• Problem in tourniquet application
Complications during collection
• Changes in patient’s status
• Hematoma formation
• Lack of blood flow
• Techniques in avoiding vein collapse
• Inadvertent arterial puncture
Factors that affect sample integrity
• Blood drawn from hematoma
• Patient position
• Coagulated blood
• Reasons for performing dermal puncture
• Difference between venous and capillary blood
• Equipment for dermal puncture
• Skin puncture devices, Micro sample containers
• Site selection
• General considerations in doing dermal puncture
• Puncture depth and width, Puncture sites in adult, children and infants
Blood collection in special populations
• Pediatric patients
• Special physiologic considerations
• Immobilization of infants and children during collection
• Geriatric patients
• Physical changes of advanced age
• Mental impairment
• Special considerations for blood collection
Legal issues in phlebotomy
• Malpractice in phlebotomy
• Defense against malpractice
• Aseptic technique
• Blood collection using winged infusion set
• Dermal puncture
- Certificate Awarded
Participants that met the minimum attendance and passed the theory and practical assessments will
receive a “Letter of Completion” – Phlebotomy Course by Parkway College.
Participants awarded with a “Letter of Completion” for the phlebotomy course, and independtnely completed 20 documented phlebotomy procedures will be awarded with a “Certificate of Achievement” in Phlebotomy by Parkway College.
- Course Fee
Per Participant: $1,200
- 1. Fees are inclusive of prevailing Goods & Services Tax.
- 2. Parkway College reserves the right to postpone or cancel the courses if minimum enrolment is not met.